Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting, Decreased Aortic Intensity

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This example shows a second heart sound (S2) with fixed splitting and an aortic component with decreased intensity. Once again, we are using fixed splitting to help you hear the difference in intensity between the aortic and pulmonic components of S2.

This pattern is seen in the presence of long-standing severe pulmonary hypertension where the pressure in the pulmonary artery is markedly increased.

Note the increased thickness of the right ventricular free wall.

Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting,  Decreased Aortic  Intensity
The recommended auscultation position for the stethoscope is the Pulmonic position. For this sound, use stethoscope's Diaphragm.


maneuver
The recommended patient position is Sitting

Phonocardiogram

waveform
This waveform plots sound amplitude on the vertical axis against time on the horizontal axis.

Heart Animation

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CourseID24
CourseCaseOrder5
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