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Medical Dictionary - Urinary


TermDefinition
ablationRemoval of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, freezing or other methods.
anuriaAbsence of urine formation.
ARFacute renal failure
-atresiaclosure, occlusion
azot/onitrogen
bladderA hollow, expandable muscular sac that stores urine produced by the kidneys until excretion.
blood urea nitrogenA measure of the concentration of urea in the blood
BUNblood urea nitrogen
calcul/ostone
cali/ocalyx
cupr/ocopper
cyst/ourinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
cystitisInflammation of the urinary bladder.
cystoceleA prolapse of the bladder into the vagina.
dia-complete, through
dialysisA therapeutic procedure used in patients with kidney failure for removal of harmful wastes and fluids from the blood.
diuresisIncreased excretion of urine.
dysuriaPainful or difficult urination.
-ectasisdilation, stretching
endometriumThe mucous membrane comprising the inner layer of the uterine wall.
enuresisInvoluntary discharge of urine after completed development of urinary control.
epispadiasA birth defect due to malformation of the urethra.
ERBFeffective renal blood flow
ESRDend-stage renal disease
GFRglomerular filtration rate
glomerul/oglomerulus
glomerulusA small tuft of blood capillaries in the kidney that is an integral part of the nephron, the basic unit of the kidney.
glycosuriaThe appearance of an abnormally amount of glucose in the urine.
GUgenitourinary
hematuriaRed blood cells in the urine.
hemodialysisA therapeutic procedure used with kidney failure involving removal of harmful wastes and fluids from the blood.
hydronephrosisAbnormal enlargement of a kidney, sometimes caused by blockage of the ureter.
hypercalciuriaExcretion of abnormally high level of calcium in the urine.
hyperkalemiaAbnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, usually due to acute renal failure.
hyperoxaluriaAbnormally high amounts of oxalates in the urine.
hypospadiasA birth defect due to malformation of the urethra in which the urethral opening is below its normal location.
ilealOf or pertaining to the ileum.
incontinenceThe inability to control the flow of urine from the bladder.
intermittencyA urinary tract disorder in which urine flow is not continuous but stops and starts.
interstitial cystitisPainful bladder syndrome.
IVPintravenous pyelogram
ketonuriaPresence of ketone bodies in urine.
kidneyOne of a pair of organs that filter blood for the secretion of urine and that regulates ion concentrations.
KUBkidney, ureter, and bladder
lith/ostone, calcification
-lithotomyincision for stone removal
lymphuriaThe presence of lymph in urine.
methenamineAn antibacterial compound most commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections.
nephr/okidney
nephritisInflammation of any part of the kidney.
nephrolithiasisFormation of kidney stones.
nephrologyA subspecialty of medicine concerned with the kidney.
nephronVery small filtering structures in the kidneys.
nephrosclerosisHardening of the kidney due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue. Usually caused by chronic hypertension.
nephrosisAny degenerative disease of the kidney.
nephrotic syndromeDisease of the kidney without inflammatory or neoplastic components.
nocturiaPatient needs to wake at night to pass urine.
nocturnal enuresisInvoluntary discharge of urine during sleep at night after expected age of completed development of urinary control.
NPNnonprotein nitrogen
oliguriaDecreased urinary output.
perinephritisInflammation of the connective and adipose tissues surrounding the KIDNEY.
peritoneal dialysisDialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity.
-pexysurgical fixation
PKUphenylketonuria
polycystic kidney diseaseAn inherited disease in which cysts develop within the kidneys.
polyuriaExcessive production of urine.
prostatismLower urinary tract symptom, such as slow urinary stream, associated with prostatic hyperplasia in older men.
prostatitisInflammation of the prostate gland.
pyel/orenal pelvis
pyelectasisDilation of the pelvis of the kidney.
pyelitisInflammation of the renal pelvis.
pyelocystitisInflammation of the kidney pelvis and the urinary bladder.
pyelonephritisInflammation of the kidney involving the renal parenchyma (the nephrons), kidney pelvis and kidney calices. It is characterized by abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting and occasionally diarrhea.
pyonephrosisDistention of kidney with the presence of pus and destruction of the renal parenchyma. It is often associated with renal obstruction and can lead to total or nearly total loss of renal function.
pyuriaWhite blood cells or pus cells in the urine.
ren/okidney
-tripsyto crush
UAurinalysis
ur/ourine
ureaA compound formed in the liver which is the major nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism
uremiaPresence of excessive amounts of urea in the blood. May be a sign of renal disease or failure.
-uresisurination
ureterOne of a pair of tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
ureter/oureter
ureteralPertaining to the ureter.
ureteroceleA cystic dilatation of the end of a ureter as it enters into the urinary bladder. It may obstruct urine flow.
ureterolithiasisFormation of stones in the ureter.
ureterostomySurgical creation of an external opening in the ureter for external drainage of the urine.
urethr/ourethra
urethraA tube that transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for sperm.
urethralPertaining to the urethra.
urethritisInflammation of the urethra, causing painful and difficult urination.
-uriaurination
urin/ourine, urinary system
urinalysisLaboratory analysis of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means.
urinary bladderA muscular, membranous sac along the urinary tract that store urine until urination.
urinary cathetersCatheters inserted into the urinary bladder or kidney for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
urinary fistulaAn abnormal passage in any part of the urinary tract between itself or with other organs.
urinationDischarge of urine from the body.
urineThe fluid containing waste products and water secreted by the kidneys, then stored in the urinary bladder until urination.
urochesiaPassage of urine through the rectum.
urolithA stone in the urinary tract.
urolithiasisFormation of stones in any part of the urinary tract, usually in the kidney, urinary bladder or the ureter.
urologicPertaining to urology.
urologyA surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male.
urotheliumThe epithelial lining of the urinary tract.
UTIurinary tract infection
vesic/obladder, blister
vesicul/ovesicle

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