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Pediatric Referrals

auscultation course contents image

when to refer pediatric patient doctor illustration

Pediatric murmurs can be innocent or require referral. This course aims to improve your auscultation skills and decisions-making for pediatric heart murmurs. The cases include patient history, a heart sounds auscultation page and a decision page.

Good earphones or headphones or earphones are required to hear the heart sounds and murmurs.


Cardinal Clinical Signs

There are six cardinal clinical signs on cardiac examination which prove to be significant independent predictors of the presence of a confirmed cardiac lesion. The six signs are the following:

  1. A murmur of intensity 3 or greater.
  2. The murmur is best heard at LUSB (2LICS).
  3. The murmur is of harsh quality.
  4. The murmur is pansystolic.
  5. The presence of a systolic click.
  6. The presence of an abnormal second heart sound (fixed splitting with respiration).


Course Completion Certificate

Upon completing all cases within this course (during one session), you will be able to print a course completion certificate.



Begin Course

How To Use Course Lessons

Each lesson consists of multiple pages: text description with audio recording and  dynamic waveform pages. Some lessons include a cardiac animation and exercises pages. To view these lesson pages, use the tabs which appear above each lesson's content.

Using this course



Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD, David Lieberman, Developer, Virtual Cardiac Patient. Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN.




Click To Begin Training Module


Lessons


Lesson #1: 4-month-old girl. Failure to thrive.


4-month-old female infant. Mother concerned about not meeting goals for child's age. History of sudden death in family. Mother wants complete workup.


Lesson #2: 6-month-old boy


6-month-old male infant. Well baby visit. Child is in middle range for weight and height. No obvious abnormalities.


Lesson #3: 4-year-old with fainting episode


4-year-old girl has been having dizzy spells. Most recent was followed by a fainting episode. Has complained of heart palpitations.


Lesson #4: 10-year-old with chest pain.


10-year-old boy experiencing periodic non-exertional chest pain. Discomfort is sometimes associated with inspiration. Experiencing periodic palpitations.


Lesson #5: 6-month-old with poor appetite


6-month-old girl with poor appetite and shortness of breath.


Lesson #6: 12-year-old boy with respiratory infections


12-year-old boy complains of headaches and periodic nose bleeds. Blood pressure elevated. History of frequent respiratory infections.


Lesson #7: Twelve-year-old girl with periodic dizziness


Twelve-year-old girl complaining of periodic dizziness during soccer practice. Frequent panic attacks with rapid heart beat.


Lesson #8: Eleven-year-old girl seen after bicycle accident


Eleven-year-old girl with two centimeter laceration on the right knee requiring four sutures


Lesson #9: Eight-year-old girl with elevated temperature


Eight-year-old girl 102 fever unresponsive to alcohol sponging.


Lesson #10: Eight-year-old boy with generalized malaise


Eight-year-old boy with lack of appetite, low energy, crying, doesn't play with friends.


Lesson #11: Fifteen-year-old boy complains of dizziness


Fifteen-year-old boy complains of dizziness during soccer practice.


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