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Third Heart Sound Gallop

Third Heart Sound Gallop

A third heart sound occurs early in diastole. In young people and athletes it is a normal phenomenon. In older individuals it indicates the presence of congestive heart failure. The third heart sound is caused by a sudden deceleration of blood flow into the left ventricle from the left atrium. In the anatomy video you will see a thin-walled, dilated left ventricle with generalized decreased vigor of contraction. In the presence of a third heart sound (S3) the first heart sound is decreased in intensity while the second heart sound is increased in intensity. The third heart sound is a low frequency sound best heard with the bell of the stethoscope pressed lightly on the skin of the chest.


Auscultation Sounds

auscultation sound from lesson
waveform


Patient Recording

patient heart or lung sound
Third Heart Sound Gallop


Patient Recording - Half Speed Playback

patient heart or lung sound
Third Heart Sound Gallop



Position

Patient position
The patient's position should be supine.

Listening Tips

S1:Reduced intensity
S2:Increased intensity
Diastole:S3 early in diastole, low-pitched, heard during expiration


Waveform (Phonocardiogram)

Observe

//embedding heart animation

Authors

These authors contributed the audio recordings and text found in this reference guide: Jon Keroes, MD,Diane Wrigley, PA, and David Lieberman.
Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN.

Sources


Sources




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