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Mitral Stenosis Severe and Regurgitation Mild - Rheumatic Origin

Mitral Stenosis Severe and Regurgitation Mild - Rheumatic Origin

This is an example of severe mitral stenosis combined with mild mitral regurgitation in a patient with rheumatic heart disease. The first heart sound is slightly louder than normal. The second heart sound is unsplit. There is an opening snap fifty milliseconds after the second heart sound. There is a low-frequency murmur filling all of diastole. The first two-thirds of the murmur is diamond shaped and the last third is a crescendo. There is a rectangular medium frequency murmur which fills the first half of systole. In the anatomy video you can see an enlarged left atrium and thickened mitral valve leaflets which barely moved. The turbulent blood flow represents the systolic and diastolic murmurs.


Auscultation Sounds

auscultation sound from lesson
waveform





Position

Patient position
The patient's position should be supine left side down.

Listening Tips

S1:Slightly louder
Systole:Rectangular, mid-pitch in first half of systole
Diastole:Opening snap then low-pitch diamond crescendo murmur


Waveform (Phonocardiogram)

Observe

//embedding heart animation
Review the animation. Notice an enlarged left atrium and thickened mitral valve leaflets which barely moved. The turbulent blood flow represents the systolic and diastolic murmurs.

Authors

These authors contributed the audio recordings and text found in this reference guide: Jon Keroes, MD,Diane Wrigley, PA, and David Lieberman.
Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN.

Sources




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