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Myocarditis

Myocarditis

This is a simulation of Myocarditis taken at the apex. 1. The first heart sound is softer than normal because of decreased function of the left ventricle. 2. The second heart sound is normal at the mitral area. 3. There is a third heart sound caused by the failure of the left ventricle. 4. A rectangular, medium-pitched murmur of mild mitral regurgitation is caused by the incomplete closure of the mitral valve leaflets. In the anatomy video you can see the enlarged left ventricle with decreased vigor of contraction. You can see the regurgitant turbulent flow from the left ventricle into the left atrium which is responsible for the murmur. Myocarditis is often the result of a viral infection of the myocardium.


Auscultation Sounds

auscultation sound from lesson
waveform





Position

Patient position
The patient's position should be seated.

Listening Tips

S1:Softer
Systole:Rectangular, medium pitch murmur
Diastole:S3


Waveform (Phonocardiogram)

Observe

//embedding heart animation
Play the animation, taking note of the enlarged left ventricle with decreased vigor of contraction. Observe the regurgitant turbulent flow from the left ventricle into the left atrium which is responsible for the murmur.

Authors

These authors contributed the audio recordings and text found in this reference guide: Jon Keroes, MD,Diane Wrigley, PA, and David Lieberman.
Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN.

Sources


Sources




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