|culture and sensitivity
|coronary artery bypass graft
|General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
|A harsh, discordant sound or mixture of sounds.
|coronary artery disease
|An alkaloid drug, found in coffee and tea that simulates the central nervous system increasing alertness. It is also a diuretic.
|chronic active hepatitis
|A lotion or ointment used as mild astringent on the skin.
|The largest of the tarsal bones, situated at the lower and back part of the foot, forming the heel.
|Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
|The abnormal deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
|A hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. It helps regulate calcium levels.
|Combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
|calcium channel blockers
|A class of drugs that inhibit calcium influx through cellular membranes. Used to reduce cardiac workload to treat hypertension or angina.
|Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument.
|A measuring instrument consisting of two hinged legs. Used to measure thickness and diameters. Also used to determine time intervals for several EKG features.
|The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances.
|A crystalline substance used in topical pain relievers.
|A tubular passage.
|General term for malignant neoplasms, sarcoma, carcinoma, leukemia and lymphoma.
|An infection of moist skin areas caused by yeast. Often due to a weakened immune system or heavy antibiotic use.
|A drug, also known as marijuana, used to reduce nausea during chemotherapy, to alleviate chronic pain, to improve appetite in HIV/AIDS patients and to treat glaucoma.
|Eating individuals of one's own species.
|A flexible tube inserted into a duct or cavity to drain fluid or to deliver medication.
|The minute blood vessels that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the cells. They connect the arterioles and venules.
|A force causing fluids to rise up very fine tubes. This action is due to molecular adhesion of the liquid to the tube.
|The susceptibility of capillaries, under conditions of increased stress, to rupture. Seen as bleeding under the skin.
|A common benign tumors of infancy caused by an abnormal buildup of blood vessels under the skin. Also called a 'strawberry mark'.
|Continuous recording of the concentration of carbon dioxide in exhaled air.
|The outer protein protective shell of a virus.
|A pill sized video camera encased in a capsule, designed to be swallowed and subsequently traverse the gastrointestinal tract while transmitting diagnostic images.
|Inflammation of the capsule surrounding a joint.
|The largest class of organic compounds, including starch, glycogen, cellulose, polysaccharides, and simple monosaccharides. They constitute a main source of energy for body functions.
|A colorless, odorless gas formed in body tissues during metabolism. It is carried in the blood to the lungs and then exhaled.
|A colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is very poisonous.
|A solvent used in dry cleaning and manufacturing. Poisoning by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption is possible and may be fatal.
|An platinum-containing compound used to treat advanced forms of lung and ovarian cancers.
|A skin infection that often involves a group of hair follicles. The infected material forms a lump, which occurs deep in the skin and may contain pus.
|Substances that increase the risk of neoplasms in humans or animals.
|The development of a normal cell into an invasive cancer cell. It generally requires multiple steps, which may occur quickly or over a period of many years.
|Cancer that originates in skin cells or tissue lining organs.
|carcinoma in situ
|A premalignant neoplasm confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane.
|Carcinoma that has spread throughout the body.
|A malignant neoplasm that contains elements of carcinoma and sarcoma.
|That part of the stomach close to the opening from esophagus into the stomach. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the heart.
|condition of the heart
|Of or pertaining to the heart.
|A diagnostic procedure for creating an angiogram using a contrast agent. Also used for treating blocked arteries.
|A dangerous compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (pericardial effusion) or blood in the pericardium surrounding the heart.
|The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
|An enlargement of the heart. Multiple causes.
|Disease of the heart muscle. Can be congenital, or acquired from infections, alcoholism, thyroid disease, toxic drugs.
|An emergency procedure for life support consisting of manual, external heart massage and artificial respiration.
|An agent that has damaging effect on the heart.
|A pathological condition involving the cardiovascular system including the heart, the blood vessels or the pericardium.
|The heart and the blood vessels by which blood is pumped and circulated through the body.
|Inflammation of the heart. Three types are pericarditis (pericardium), myocarditis (heart muscle) and endocarditis (endocardium).
|A red or yellow organic compound found in sweet potatoes, egg yolk, carrots, spinach, broccoli and other leafy vegetables.
|The two major arteries of the neck that supply blood to the head; each artery has two branches, internal and external.
|A murmur auscultated over the carotid artery on the neck. It can indicate arterial narrowing and an increased risk of stroke.
|Narrowing of any part of the carotid arteries, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation.
|A diagnostic imaging technique to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries.
|Relating to the wrist.
|The eight bones of the wrist: scaphoid bone; lunate bone; triquetrum bone; pisiform bone; trapezium bone; trapezoid bone; capitate bone; and hamate bone.
|carpal tunnel syndrome
|A common source of hand numbness and pain. Can be associated with repetitive occupational trauma, wrist injuries, rheumatoid arthritis, and pregnancy.
|A person who carries a microorganism without manifesting signs or symptoms of infection and who can readily transmit the disease to another host.
|A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded in a matrix. There are three major types: hyaline cartilage; fibrocartilage; and elastic cartilage.
|The breakdown of diseased tissue into a cheese-like substance. Typical of tuberculosis.
|A nutritive milk protein containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.
|Removal of the sex glands.
|Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of Paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds.
|computerized axial tomography
|A bacterial infection that usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch. Raised inflammatory nodules can be seen at the site of the scratch.
|A disease marked by weight loss and diminished muscle mass.
|A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed or permanently altered by the reaction.
|A clouding of the eye's lens.
|An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
|A neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the patient becoming mute or immobile with extreme muscular rigidity.
|Sterile collagen strands obtained from healthy mammals. Formerly used as absorbable surgical ligatures.
|A purging or cleansing. Release of emotions.
|A hollow, flexible tube that is inserted into narrow body openings so that fluids can be drained or inserted. Also used as to visualize or image a vessel or cavity.
|Use of a flexible, hollow tube into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
|A positively charged ion.
|The lower part of the spinal cord consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.
|Amniotic sac that encloses the fetus.
|A complex regional pain syndrome characterized by burning pain and marked sensitivity to touch in the distribution of an injured peripheral nerve.
|The relating of causes to the effects they produce. This influence must be predictable and reproducible.
|A substance that destroys living tissue.
|A hollow enclosed area.
|An angiogram of the vena cava, inferior or superior.
|Any hollow, enclose area.
|complete blood count
|cognitive behavioral therapy
|coronary care unit; critical care unit
|Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
|cecum, first section of colon
|The outpouching area of the large intestine that is below the entrance of the small intestine. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform appendix.
|Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derivative of cephalexin.
|Pertaining to the abdominal cavity.
|The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.
|A disease whose symptoms are precipitated by foods containing gluten, characterized by inflammation of the small intestine. An autoimmune disease.
|The fundamental unit of all living tissue. They consist of a nucleus, cytoplasm and various organelles enclosed by a plasma membrane.
|A common skin infection caused by bacteria. It affects the middle layer of the skin (dermis) and the tissues below. S
|The chief constituent of plant fiber. Indigestible roughage.
|Fast setting material used to fix prostheses in place.
|Bonelike tissue covering the roots of teeth.
|An enumeration of a population.
|The middle point of a geometric entity.
|A puncture of a cavity.
|A thermometric scale.
|A mass of one hundredth of a gram. Ten milligrams.
|A volume of one hundredth of a liter. Ten milliliters.
|A length of one hundredth of a meter. Ten millimeters.
|A measure of viscosity of a liquid. One hundredth of a poise.
|IV line inserted for continuous access to a central vein.
|central nervous system
|The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.
|A force directed outward from a center or axis.
|Organelles responsible for the organization and nucleation of microtubules. Found in animals and some plants.
|Towards the head.
|Cranial. Relating to the head.
|The free-swimming larval forms of parasites found in an intermediate host.
|Binding together the ends of an oblique bone fracture or the chips of a broken patella.
|cerebellum (posterior section of brain)
|The part of brain located behind the brainstem in the posterior base of skull (posterior cranial fossa). It coordinates voluntary muscle activity, balance and tone.
|A bruise of the brain tissue . Frequently caused by a blow to the head.
|An abnormal accumulation of fluid in brain tissue. Brain swelling.
|Bleeding into one or both cerebral hemispheres.
|A chronic childhood disorder that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills.
|A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the choroid plexus and circulates around the surface of the brain, the spinal cord and in the cerebral ventricles.
|A stroke. It is caused by the interruption of the brain’s blood supply, usually because a blood vessel bursts or is blocked by a clot, or a space-occupying lesion such as a tumor.
|One of several pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain.
|The largest, uppermost part of the brain. Responsible for initiating and coordinating all voluntary body activity. The cerebral cortex is responsible for intellectual activities.
|The yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by sweat glands in the external ear canal. Earwax.
|Pertaining to the neck.
|A neoplasm of the cervix of the uterus.
|The abnormal growth of precancerous cells on the surface of the cervix.
|A pinched nerve. It occurs when a nerve in the neck is irritated as it leaves the spinal canal.
|An inflammation of the cervix
|The neck portion of the uterus between the lower isthmus and the vagina forming the cervical canal.
|A surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus, performed to deliver a fetus.
|Irritation of the skin due to rubbing against skin or clothing.
|A small bump on the eyelid that forms due to blockage and swelling of an oil gland at the base of the eyelash.
|The primary sore of syphilis. A painless ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the infection.
|Acute, highly contagious bacterial disease usually acquired through sexual contact. A venereal ulcer.
|Relating to a dry, cracked, reddish skin condition, usually of the hands, caused by excessive moisture evaporation or cold.
|Roughly equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habits.
|A medical fraud. A quack.
|A patient record including data in tables and graphs.
|complete heart block
|congenital heart disease; coronary heart disease
|Inflammation of the lips.
|Pain in the hands.
|The movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals.
|Treatment of cancer and other diseases by means of chemical agents.
|The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen. Thorax.
|An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by apnea followed by increasingly deep, rapid breathing.
|congestive heart failure
|A blood sucking stage of mites.
|A person between the stages of birth and puberty.
|The sudden sensation of being cold.
|An individual that contains cell populations derived from different zygotes.
|The prominence formed by the anterior projection of the mandible and the soft tissue covering it.
|A common sexually transmitted disease.
|A condition in which brown patches appear on the face. Can be caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy or from sun exposure.
|A greenish-yellow gas with a strong odor. Used in many solvents and cleaning agents. Poisonous if inhaled or ingested.
|A commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its toxicity and safety margins.
|A funnel-shaped opening.
|A condition of the respiratory airways being blocked by an obstruction or constriction of the neck or swelling of the larynx.
|Inflammation of the bile ducts due to bacterial infection or blockage.
|Inflammation of the gallbladder.
|common bile duct
|Presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder.
|An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia.
|Impairment of bile flow.
|The principal sterol of the body. Contributes to cell structure and digestive bile. Helps produce vitamin D and some hormones.
|Pertaining to cartilage.
|Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.
|The development of cartilage.
|A benign tumor derived from mesodermal cells that form cartilage
|Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage. A common runner's injury in the knees.
|A slowly growing malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones, scapula or in long bones.
|A rare, malignant tumor that develops from the embryonic remains of the notochord.
|A condition marked by involuntary, purposeless, rapid, jerky movements.
|chorion (outer fetal sac)
|The embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. The chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the placenta.
|chorionic villus sampling
|A prenatal diagnostic test to detect chromosomal problems
|The thin, highly vascular layer between the retina and sclera.
|Inflammation of the choroid layer of the eye.
|Techniques used for separating and analyzing a chemical mixture.
|chronic fatigue syndrome
|A debilitating disorder characterized by extreme fatigue or tiredness that doesn't go away with rest.
|chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
|Respiratory diseases which affect bronchial air movement, causing breathing problems. Includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
|The opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
|An accumulation of chyle in the pleural space.
|juice, to pour
|A scar left after the healing of a wound.
|killing, agent that kills
| Thick protuberances from epithelial cells.
|Relating to biologic rhythms with a cycle time of about 24 hours.
|circle of willis
|A vascular network at the base of the brain.
|The circuit of blood through the network of arteries and veins.
|Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis.
|A conical movement of a limb extending from the joint.
|A chronic, progressive liver disease in which liver cells are replaced by scar tissue.
|on the same side, on the near side
|breaking a bone
|The irrational fear of confined spaces.
|The collar bone.
|Congenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the nasal prominences.
|Congenital fissure of the median line of the palate.
|An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.
|chronic lymphocytic leukemia
|A soft, insoluble mass formed by blood or lymph.
|A congenital deformed foot in which the patient cannot stand with sole flat on the ground.
|continuing medical education
|chronic myelogenous leukemia
|central nervous system
|coarctation of the aorta
|To change a liquid into a gel or solid.
|An abnormal breath sound that is discontinuous, brief and popping.
|Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
|cochlea (inner part of ear)
|The part of the inner ear (labyrinth) that is concerned with hearing.
|An electronic device that provides a sense of sound to deaf or severely hard of hearing people.
|The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
|Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens.
|A contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Transmitted by coughing and sneezing.
|Inflammation of the colon.
|A fibrous protein comprising about one third of the total protein in the body. It is a main constituent of skin, bone, ligaments and cartilage.
|The main segment of large intestine.
|Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
|A weakness or inability to distinguish colors. A common form is the inability to distinguish red from green.
|A malignant neoplasm of the large intestine.
|The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
|Milk produced in late pregnancy. High in protein and antibody content.
|The examination of the cervix and vagina by means of an endoscope introduced vaginally.
|An incision in the vagina.
|A deep state of unconsciousness. No voluntary motor signs.
|Pertaining to a state of coma.
|Able to be transmitted, particularly a disease.
|The color, texture and overall appearance of facial skin.
|A disease or condition arising during the treatment of another disease.
|A pharmaceutical preparation composed of two or more ingredients.
|A pad of soft material used to apply cold, heat, medication or to control bleeding.
|A field of biology concerned with the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions.
| Hollowed or depressed surface.
|When a spermatozoon enters an ovum. The beginning of pregnancy.
|An arrangement in which a patient pays an annual fee to a physician in exchange for services over and beyond normal insurance-reimbursed services.
|A mixture of two or more medicinal substances.
|A traumatic brain injury. Measure severity by universal Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
|The state of being.
|Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
|A sheath that is worn over the penis during sex in order to prevent pregnancy or the spread of sexually transmitted disease.
|The transmission of electricity, heat, sound or other energy.
|Being restrained to a particular place.
|A mental state characterized by bewilderment, disorientation and emotional disturbance.
|congenital heart defect
|An abnormality that is present at birth and can affect the structure and function of an infant's heart.
|Presence of abnormal amounts of fluids in an organ or vessel.
|congestive heart failure
|The heart isn't able to pump sufficient blood. Typical causes are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity.
|Paired or joined.
|mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of eyelids
|The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
|An inflammation of the clear tissue that lines the white part of the eye. Also called pink eye.
|Associated with increased secretion of the hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands.
|Kinship. The hereditary relationship between persons.
|Awareness. In a moral sense, self-critical of what is right or wrong.
|Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
|Giving permission or agreement.
|Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.
|The state of the lung when alveoli are filled with fluid, as in pneumonia.
|Infrequent or difficult evacuation of feces.
|The overall health of a person, both mental and physical.
|narrowing, drawing together
|The abnormal narrowing of a channel or opening.
|A transmissible or communicable disease or a person with such a disease.
|Prevention of impregnation.
|A shortening or increase in tension. In labor, the rhythmic tightening of the uterus.
|A condition that occurs when normally elastic tissues are replaced by inelastic fiber-like tissue.
|A factor in a patient's condition that prohibits a specific treatment.
|Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies.
|Drugs or chemical agents regulated by government. This may include narcotics and prescription medications.
|Injury caused by a blow to the body but that does not break the skin. A bruise. Characterized by swelling, pain and discoloration.
|The period of recovery following an illness.
|Transmission of energy in a liquid or gas involving circulation of particles.
|Having a surface that curves outward.
|A violent spasm of voluntary muscles. A type of seizure.
|Gradually decreasing heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and body temperature after exercise.
|chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
|The process of dealing with to problems in life in a way to work through them.
|A hardened mass of epithelial cells usually found on the sole of the feet.
|The transparent, convex, anterior part of eye. It is the main refractory structure of the eye.
|An excessive amount of fluid in the cornea due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium causing decreased visual acuity.
|Supplies blood to the heart muscles from the aorta.
|coronary artery bypass
|Surgical procedure which uses a healthy blood vessel segment, such as a vein, to bypass a blocked section of a coronary artery.
|coronary artery disease
|Reduced blood flow through the coronary arteries, resulting in chest pain and heart damage.
|Obstruction of blood flow through one of the coronary arteries.
|Coagulation of blood in the coronary arteries. Can lead to myocardial infarction.
|A public official who investigates cases of unnatural death.
|A dead body. Cadaver.
|1) A blood cell. 2) Any small mass.
|A statistical relationship between variables.
|The gradual destruction of a substance or tissue, particularly by a chemical action.
|The outer layer of an organ or other structure.
|cortex, outer section
|The primary stress hormone.
|Pertaining to the ribs.
|A benign inflammation of one or more of the costal cartilages. Usually caused by overuse of chest wall muscles.
|A sudden, audible exhalation of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis. It serves to clear the airways or lungs of irritants or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials.
|Medication to treat blood clots and prevent new clots from forming. Commonly used for chronic atrial fibrillation.
|constant positive airway pressure
|Current Procedural Terminology
|aPertaining to the cranium.
|The skeleton of the head, holding the brain.
|A cart carrying emergency medical equipment and supplies. Found in hospitals, particularly in emergency and intensive care departments.
|mixture, loss of control
|An intense desire to consume a substance.
|Incinerating a corpse.
|A crackling sound that occurs in joints.
|calcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia
|A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone.
|The turning point of a disease.
|Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
|Chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract thought to be caused by inherited and environmental factors and a defect in the immune system.
|Pediatric respiratory infection causing swelling near the vocal cords. It is characterized by a barking cough or stridor.
|cat scratch disease
|combat support hospital
|Pertaining to the elbow or forearm.
|chronic ulcerative colitis
|To pile on. Increasing by successive additions.
|wedge, wedge shaped
|An instrument shaped like a spoon, used for scraping material or tissue from a body cavity.
|The flow of electricity or liquids.
|A condition when abnormally high levels of a hormone called cortisol are present.
|A tooth with one cusp. In particular, he third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw.
|central venous pressure
|A bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to inadequate oxygen in the blood.
|urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
|Characterized by cysts.
|A genetic disease of the exocrine glands. Large amounts of thick mucus clog the lungs and obstruct the airways.
|Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
|A prolapse of the bladder into the vagina.
|Substances, such as interferon, interleukin, and growth factors, that are secreted by certain cells of the immune system that act as intercellular mediators.
|A virus that can be inactive within healthy people, but can cause severe pneumonia when immune systems are suppressed. Symptoms similar to mononucleosis.
|condition of cells, increase in number of cells