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Medical Dictionary For: c

Word PartDefinitionCategory
CCalorie (kilocalorie)
C&Sculture and sensitivity general
CAcancer lymphatic
ca.about; approximately general
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft cardiovascular
cachexiaGeneral ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease. digestive
cacophonyA harsh, discordant sound or mixture of sounds.General
CADcoronary artery disease cardiovascular
caffeineAn alkaloid drug, found in coffee and tea that simulates the central nervous system increasing alertness. It is also a diuretic. Digestive
CAHchronic active hepatitis digestive
Callarge calorie digestive
calamineA lotion or ointment used as mild astringent on the skin.Integumentary
calc/icalciumskeletal
calc/ocalciumskeletal
calcane/oheelSkeletal
calcaneusThe largest of the tarsal bones, situated at the lower and back part of the foot, forming the heel. Skeletal
calcificationProcess by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts. General
calcinosisThe abnormal deposition of calcium salts in tissues. General
calcitoninA hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. It helps regulate calcium levels. endocrine
calciumCombines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes. General
calcium channel blockersA class of drugs that inhibit calcium influx through cellular membranes. Used to reduce cardiac workload to treat hypertension or angina.Cardiovascular
calcul/ostoneurinary
cali/ocalyxurinary
calibrationDetermination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument.General
calipersA measuring instrument consisting of two hinged legs. Used to measure thickness and diameters. Also used to determine time intervals for several EKG features.General
calor/iheatdigestive
calorimetryThe measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances.General
camphorA crystalline substance used in topical pain relievers.General
canalA tubular passage.General
cancerGeneral term for malignant neoplasms, sarcoma, carcinoma, leukemia and lymphoma.General
candidiasisAn infection of moist skin areas caused by yeast. Often due to a weakened immune system or heavy antibiotic use.lymphatic
cannabisA drug, also known as marijuana, used to reduce nausea during chemotherapy, to alleviate chronic pain, to improve appetite in HIV/AIDS patients and to treat glaucoma.General
cannibalismEating individuals of one's own species. General
cannulaA flexible tube inserted into a duct or cavity to drain fluid or to deliver medication.General
capcapsule
capillariesThe minute blood vessels that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the cells. They connect the arterioles and venules. Cardiovascular
capillary actionA force causing fluids to rise up very fine tubes. This action is due to molecular adhesion of the liquid to the tube.General
capillary fragilityThe susceptibility of capillaries, under conditions of increased stress, to rupture. Seen as bleeding under the skin. Cardiovascular
capillary hemangiomaA common benign tumors of infancy caused by an abnormal buildup of blood vessels under the skin. Also called a 'strawberry mark'.integumentary
capit/oheadgeneral
capn/ocarbon dioxiderespiratory
-capniacarbon dioxiderespiratory
capnographyContinuous recording of the concentration of carbon dioxide in exhaled air. Respiratory
caps-capsuleGeneral
capsidThe outer protein protective shell of a virus.General
capsule endoscopesA pill sized video camera encased in a capsule, designed to be swallowed and subsequently traverse the gastrointestinal tract while transmitting diagnostic images. Digestive
capsulitisInflammation of the capsule surrounding a joint.Skeletal
carb/ocarbongeneral
carbohydratesThe largest class of organic compounds, including starch, glycogen, cellulose, polysaccharides, and simple monosaccharides. They constitute a main source of energy for body functions.Digestive
carbon dioxideA colorless, odorless gas formed in body tissues during metabolism. It is carried in the blood to the lungs and then exhaled.Respiratory
carbon monoxideA colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is very poisonous.Respiratory
carbon tetrachlorideA solvent used in dry cleaning and manufacturing. Poisoning by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption is possible and may be fatal.General
carboplatinAn platinum-containing compound used to treat advanced forms of lung and ovarian cancers.General
carbuncleA skin infection that often involves a group of hair follicles. The infected material forms a lump, which occurs deep in the skin and may contain pus.integumentary
carcin/ocancerouslymphatic
carcinogenSubstances that increase the risk of neoplasms in humans or animals. General
carcinogenesisThe development of a normal cell into an invasive cancer cell. It generally requires multiple steps, which may occur quickly or over a period of many years. General
carcinomaCancer that originates in skin cells or tissue lining organs. lymphatic
carcinoma in situA premalignant neoplasm confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane. General
carcinomatosisCarcinoma that has spread throughout the body.General
carcinosarcomaA malignant neoplasm that contains elements of carcinoma and sarcoma.General
cardi/oheartcardiovascular
cardiaThat part of the stomach close to the opening from esophagus into the stomach. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the heart.Digestive
-cardiacondition of the heartcardiovascular
cardiacOf or pertaining to the heart.Cardiovascular
cardiac catheterizationA diagnostic procedure for creating an angiogram using a contrast agent. Also used for treating blocked arteries. Cardiovascular
cardiac tamponadeA dangerous compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (pericardial effusion) or blood in the pericardium surrounding the heart. Cardiovascular
cardiologyThe study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions. Cardiovascular
cardiomegalyAn enlargement of the heart. Multiple causes.Cardiovascular
cardiomyopathyDisease of the heart muscle. Can be congenital, or acquired from infections, alcoholism, thyroid disease, toxic drugs.Cardiovascular
cardiopulmonary resuscitationAn emergency procedure for life support consisting of manual, external heart massage and artificial respiration. Cardiovascular
cardiotoxinAn agent that has damaging effect on the heart. Cardiovascular
cardiovascular diseaseA pathological condition involving the cardiovascular system including the heart, the blood vessels or the pericardium. Cardiovascular
cardiovascular systemThe heart and the blood vessels by which blood is pumped and circulated through the body. Cardiovascular
carditisInflammation of the heart. Three types are pericarditis (pericardium), myocarditis (heart muscle) and endocarditis (endocardium).Cardiovascular
caroteneA red or yellow organic compound found in sweet potatoes, egg yolk, carrots, spinach, broccoli and other leafy vegetables.Digestive
carotid arteriesThe two major arteries of the neck that supply blood to the head; each artery has two branches, internal and external. Cardiovascular
carotid bruitA murmur auscultated over the carotid artery on the neck. It can indicate arterial narrowing and an increased risk of stroke.Cardiovascular
carotid stenosisNarrowing of any part of the carotid arteries, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Cardiovascular
carotid ultrasonographyA diagnostic imaging technique to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries.nervous
carp/owristskeletal
carpalRelating to the wrist.Skeletal
carpal bonesThe eight bones of the wrist: scaphoid bone; lunate bone; triquetrum bone; pisiform bone; trapezium bone; trapezoid bone; capitate bone; and hamate bone. Skeletal
carpal tunnel syndromeA common source of hand numbness and pain. Can be associated with repetitive occupational trauma, wrist injuries, rheumatoid arthritis, and pregnancy.muscular
carrierA person who carries a microorganism without manifesting signs or symptoms of infection and who can readily transmit the disease to another host.General
cartilageA non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded in a matrix. There are three major types: hyaline cartilage; fibrocartilage; and elastic cartilage. Skeletal
caseationThe breakdown of diseased tissue into a cheese-like substance. Typical of tuberculosis.General
caseinA nutritive milk protein containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones. Digestive
castrationRemoval of the sex glands.Reproductive
castsDressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of Paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. General
CATcomputerized axial tomographygeneral
cat-scratch feverA bacterial infection that usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch. Raised inflammatory nodules can be seen at the site of the scratch. General
cata-downdirectional
catabolic illnessA disease marked by weight loss and diminished muscle mass.General
catalystA substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed or permanently altered by the reaction.General
cataractA clouding of the eye's lens.nervous
catastrophic illnessAn acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly. General
catatoniaA neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the patient becoming mute or immobile with extreme muscular rigidity.Nervous
catgutSterile collagen strands obtained from healthy mammals. Formerly used as absorbable surgical ligatures.General
cathar/ocleansing, purginggeneral
catharsisA purging or cleansing. Release of emotions.General
catheterA hollow, flexible tube that is inserted into narrow body openings so that fluids can be drained or inserted. Also used as to visualize or image a vessel or cavity.General
catheterizationUse of a flexible, hollow tube into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. General
cationA positively charged ion.General
caud/otailskeletal
cauda equinaThe lower part of the spinal cord consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots. Nervous
caulAmniotic sac that encloses the fetus. Reproductive
caus/oburn, burningnervous
causalgiaA complex regional pain syndrome characterized by burning pain and marked sensitivity to touch in the distribution of an injured peripheral nerve.nervous
causalityThe relating of causes to the effects they produce. This influence must be predictable and reproducible.General
causticA substance that destroys living tissue. General
cauter/iburngeneral
cav/ocavity, hollowgeneral
cavityA hollow enclosed area.General
cavogramAn angiogram of the vena cava, inferior or superior.Cardiovascular
cavumAny hollow, enclose area.General
CBCcomplete blood count cardiovascular
CBTcognitive behavioral therapy nervous
CCchief complaint
CCUcoronary care unit; critical care unit
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
cec/ocecum, first section of colondigestive
cecumThe outpouching area of the large intestine that is below the entrance of the small intestine. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform appendix. Digestive
cefaclorSemisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derivative of cephalexin. General
-celeswelling, herniareproductive
celi/oabdomendigestive
celiacPertaining to the abdominal cavity.Digestive
celiac arteryThe arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries. Cardiovascular
celiac diseaseA disease whose symptoms are precipitated by foods containing gluten, characterized by inflammation of the small intestine. An autoimmune disease.digestive
cellThe fundamental unit of all living tissue. They consist of a nucleus, cytoplasm and various organelles enclosed by a plasma membrane.General
cellul/ocellgeneral
cellulitisA common skin infection caused by bacteria. It affects the middle layer of the skin (dermis) and the tissues below. Sintegumentary
celluloseThe chief constituent of plant fiber. Indigestible roughage.Digestive
cementFast setting material used to fix prostheses in place.General
cementumBonelike tissue covering the roots of teeth.General
censusAn enumeration of a population.General
centerThe middle point of a geometric entity.General
centesisA puncture of a cavity.General
centi-hundredgeneral
centigradeA thermometric scale.General
centigramA mass of one hundredth of a gram. Ten milligrams.General
centiliterA volume of one hundredth of a liter. Ten milliliters.General
centimeterA length of one hundredth of a meter. Ten millimeters.General
centipoiseA measure of viscosity of a liquid. One hundredth of a poise.General
centr/ocenterskeletal
central lineIV line inserted for continuous access to a central vein.Cardiovascular
central nervous systemThe main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. Nervous
centrifugalA force directed outward from a center or axis.General
centrosomeOrganelles responsible for the organization and nucleation of microtubules. Found in animals and some plants.General
cephal/oheadskeletal
cephaladTowards the head.General
cephalicCranial. Relating to the head.Skeletal
cerc-tailGeneral
cercariaThe free-swimming larval forms of parasites found in an intermediate host. General
cerclageBinding together the ends of an oblique bone fracture or the chips of a broken patella.Skeletal
cerebell/ocerebellum (posterior section of brain)nervous
cerebellumThe part of brain located behind the brainstem in the posterior base of skull (posterior cranial fossa). It coordinates voluntary muscle activity, balance and tone.Nervous
cerebr/ocerebrumnervous
cerebral contusionA bruise of the brain tissue . Frequently caused by a blow to the head.nervous
cerebral edemaAn abnormal accumulation of fluid in brain tissue. Brain swelling.Nervous
cerebral hemorrhageBleeding into one or both cerebral hemispheres.Nervous
cerebral palsyA chronic childhood disorder that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. nervous
cerebrospinal fluidA watery fluid that is continuously produced in the choroid plexus and circulates around the surface of the brain, the spinal cord and in the cerebral ventricles. Nervous
cerebrovascular accidentA stroke. It is caused by the interruption of the brain’s blood supply, usually because a blood vessel bursts or is blocked by a clot, or a space-occupying lesion such as a tumor.nervous
cerebrovascular disordersOne of several pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. Cardiovascular
cerebrumThe largest, uppermost part of the brain. Responsible for initiating and coordinating all voluntary body activity. The cerebral cortex is responsible for intellectual activities.Nervous
cerumenThe yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by sweat glands in the external ear canal. Earwax.Eyes and Ears
cerumin/oearwaxeyes and ears
cervic/oneck, cervixSkeletal
cervicalPertaining to the neck.Skeletal
cervical cancerA neoplasm of the cervix of the uterus.Lymphatic
cervical dysplasiaThe abnormal growth of precancerous cells on the surface of the cervix. reproductive
cervical radiculopathyA pinched nerve. It occurs when a nerve in the neck is irritated as it leaves the spinal canal.nervous
cervicitisAn inflammation of the cervixreproductive
cervix uteriThe neck portion of the uterus between the lower isthmus and the vagina forming the cervical canal. Reproductive
cesarean sectionA surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus, performed to deliver a fetus.Reproductive
CFcystic fibrosisrespiratory
chafingIrritation of the skin due to rubbing against skin or clothing.Integumentary
chalazionA small bump on the eyelid that forms due to blockage and swelling of an oil gland at the base of the eyelash.eyes and ears
chancreThe primary sore of syphilis. A painless ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the infection. Integumentary
chancroidAcute, highly contagious bacterial disease usually acquired through sexual contact. A venereal ulcer.Integumentary
chappedRelating to a dry, cracked, reddish skin condition, usually of the hands, caused by excessive moisture evaporation or cold.Integumentary
characterRoughly equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habits. General
charlatanA medical fraud. A quack.General
chartsA patient record including data in tables and graphs.General
CHBcomplete heart blockcardiovascular
CHDcongenital heart disease; coronary heart disease cardiovascular
cheil/olipsdigestive
cheilitisInflammation of the lips. General
cheir-handskeletal
cheiralgiaPain in the hands.General
chem-chemistrygeneral
chem/ochemicalgeneral
chemotaxisThe movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals.General
chemotherapyTreatment of cancer and other diseases by means of chemical agents.Lymphatic
chestThe part of the body between the neck and the abdomen. Thorax. General
cheyne-stokes respirationAn abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by apnea followed by increasingly deep, rapid breathing.Respiratory
CHFcongestive heart failure cardiovascular
chiggerA blood sucking stage of mites.Integumentary
childA person between the stages of birth and puberty. General
chillsThe sudden sensation of being cold.General
chimeraAn individual that contains cell populations derived from different zygotes. General
chinThe prominence formed by the anterior projection of the mandible and the soft tissue covering it.Skeletal
chir/ohandskeletal
chlamydiaA common sexually transmitted disease.reproductive
chloasmaA condition in which brown patches appear on the face. Can be caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy or from sun exposure.integumentary
chlor/ogreengeneral
chlorineA greenish-yellow gas with a strong odor. Used in many solvents and cleaning agents. Poisonous if inhaled or ingested.General
chloroformA commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its toxicity and safety margins. General
choan-funnelGeneral
choanalA funnel-shaped opening.General
chokingA condition of the respiratory airways being blocked by an obstruction or constriction of the neck or swelling of the larynx.Respiratory
chol/ebile, galldigestive
cholangi/obile vesseldigestive
cholangitisInflammation of the bile ducts due to bacterial infection or blockage.Digestive
cholecyst/ogallbladderdigestive
cholecystitisInflammation of the gallbladder.digestive
choledoch/ocommon bile ductdigestive
cholelithiasisPresence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder.digestive
choleraAn acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia.Digestive
cholestasisImpairment of bile flow.Digestive
cholesterolThe principal sterol of the body. Contributes to cell structure and digestive bile. Helps produce vitamin D and some hormones.Cardiovascular
chondr/icartilageskeletal
chondr/ocartilageSkeletal
chondralPertaining to cartilage.Skeletal
chondrocytePolymorphic cells that form cartilage. Skeletal
chondrogenesisThe development of cartilage.Skeletal
chondromaA benign tumor derived from mesodermal cells that form cartilageskeletal
ChondromalaciaAbnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage. A common runner's injury in the knees.skeletal
chondrosarcomaA slowly growing malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones, scapula or in long bones.Skeletal
chordomaA rare, malignant tumor that develops from the embryonic remains of the notochord.Reproductive
choreaA condition marked by involuntary, purposeless, rapid, jerky movements.General
chori/ochorion (outer fetal sac)reproductive
chorionThe embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. The chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the placenta. Reproductive
chorionic villus samplingA prenatal diagnostic test to detect chromosomal problemsreproductive
choroidThe thin, highly vascular layer between the retina and sclera. Eyes and Ears
choroiditisInflammation of the choroid layer of the eye.Eyes and Ears
-chroiaskin colorationIntegumentary
chrom/ocolorgeneral
chromatographyTechniques used for separating and analyzing a chemical mixture.General
chron/otimegeneral
chronicProlonged. Long-term.General
chronic fatigue syndromeA debilitating disorder characterized by extreme fatigue or tiredness that doesn't go away with rest.muscular
chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseRespiratory diseases which affect bronchial air movement, causing breathing problems. Includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.Respiratory
chrys/ogoldgeneral
chyl-juiceGeneral
chyleThe opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system. Digestive
chylothoraxAn accumulation of chyle in the pleural space.Digestive
chym/ojuice, to pourgeneral
cicatrixA scar left after the healing of a wound.integumentary
-cidekilling, agent that killsgeneral
cili-eyelid, eyelashGeneral
cilia Thick protuberances from epithelial cells.General
cine-movementgeneral
circaApproximately.General
circadianRelating to biologic rhythms with a cycle time of about 24 hours.General
circle of willisA vascular network at the base of the brain.Cardiovascular
circulationThe circuit of blood through the network of arteries and veins.Cardiovascular
circum-arounddirectional
circumcisionSurgical removal of the foreskin of the penis.Reproductive
circumductionA conical movement of a limb extending from the joint.muscular
cirrh/oorange-yellowdigestive
cirrhosisA chronic, progressive liver disease in which liver cells are replaced by scar tissue.digestive
cis-on the same side, on the near sidedirectional
Clchlorine general
-clasisbreaking a boneskeletal
-clastbreakgeneral
claudicationLimpingGeneral
claustr/oclosed spacegeneral
claustrophobiaThe irrational fear of confined spaces.nervous
clavicleThe collar bone. Skeletal
clavicul/oclavicleskeletal
cleft lipCongenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the nasal prominences.General
cleft palateCongenital fissure of the median line of the palate.General
cleid/oclavicleskeletal
clin/obend, slopegeneral
clitorisAn erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora. Reproductive
CLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia Lymphatic
clotA soft, insoluble mass formed by blood or lymph.Cardiovascular
clubfootA congenital deformed foot in which the patient cannot stand with sole flat on the ground. Skeletal
cmcentimeter
CMEcontinuing medical education
CMLchronic myelogenous leukemialymphatic
CMVcytomegalovirus lymphatic
CNScentral nervous system nervous
COcarbon monoxidegeneral
co-together, jointlygeneral
CO2carbon dioxide general
CoAg.coarctation of the aortacardiovascular
coagul/ocoagulation, clottingcardiovascular
coagulateTo change a liquid into a gel or solid.Cardiovascular
coarse crackleAn abnormal breath sound that is discontinuous, brief and popping.respiratory
COBRAConsolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
coccyg/ococcyx (tailbone)skeletal
cochle/ocochlea (inner part of ear)eyes and ears
cochleaThe part of the inner ear (labyrinth) that is concerned with hearing.Eyes and Ears
cochlear implantAn electronic device that provides a sense of sound to deaf or severely hard of hearing people.eyes and ears
coercionThe use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance. General
cognitionThinking.nervous
coinfectionSimultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens.General
coitusSexual intercourse.reproductive
col/ocolondigestive
coldA contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Transmitted by coughing and sneezing.general
colitisInflammation of the colon.digestive
collagenA fibrous protein comprising about one third of the total protein in the body. It is a main constituent of skin, bone, ligaments and cartilage.Skeletal
colonThe main segment of large intestine. Digestive
colon/ocolondigestive
colonoscopyEndoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon. digestive
color blindnessA weakness or inability to distinguish colors. A common form is the inability to distinguish red from green.Eyes and Ears
colorectal cancerA malignant neoplasm of the large intestine.Digestive
colostomyThe surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body. digestive
colostrumMilk produced in late pregnancy. High in protein and antibody content.reproductive
colp-vaginaGeneral
colp/ovaginareproductive
colposcopyThe examination of the cervix and vagina by means of an endoscope introduced vaginally. Reproductive
colpotomyAn incision in the vagina. Reproductive
com-jointly, togethergeneral
comaA deep state of unconsciousness. No voluntary motor signs.nervous
-comaprofound unconsciousnessgeneral
comatosePertaining to a state of coma.General
comedoA blackhead.integumentary
communicableAble to be transmitted, particularly a disease.General
complexionThe color, texture and overall appearance of facial skin.Integumentary
complicationA disease or condition arising during the treatment of another disease.General
compoundA pharmaceutical preparation composed of two or more ingredients.General
comprehensionUnderstanding.Nervous
compressA pad of soft material used to apply cold, heat, medication or to control bleeding. General
computational biologyA field of biology concerned with the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions.General
con-with, togethergeneral
concave Hollowed or depressed surface.General
conceptionWhen a spermatozoon enters an ovum. The beginning of pregnancy.Reproductive
concierge medicineAn arrangement in which a patient pays an annual fee to a physician in exchange for services over and beyond normal insurance-reimbursed services. General
concoctionA mixture of two or more medicinal substances.General
concuss/oshaken togethernervous
concussionA traumatic brain injury. Measure severity by universal Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)nervous
conditionThe state of being.General
conditioningLearning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus. Nervous
condomA sheath that is worn over the penis during sex in order to prevent pregnancy or the spread of sexually transmitted disease. Reproductive
conductionThe transmission of electricity, heat, sound or other energy.General
conduitA channel.General
condyl/oknobskeletal
confinementBeing restrained to a particular place.General
confusionA mental state characterized by bewilderment, disorientation and emotional disturbance.General
congenital heart defectAn abnormality that is present at birth and can affect the structure and function of an infant's heart. Cardiovascular
congestionPresence of abnormal amounts of fluids in an organ or vessel.General
congestive heart failureThe heart isn't able to pump sufficient blood. Typical causes are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity.Cardiovascular
coni/odustrespiratory
conjugatePaired or joined.General
conjunctiv/omucous membrane that lines the inner surface of eyelidseyes and ears
conjunctivaThe mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball. Eyes and Ears
conjunctivitisAn inflammation of the clear tissue that lines the white part of the eye. Also called pink eye.eyes and ears
Conn syndromeAssociated with increased secretion of the hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands. endocrine
consanguinityKinship. The hereditary relationship between persons. Reproductive
consci/oawaregeneral
conscienceAwareness. In a moral sense, self-critical of what is right or wrong.General
consciousnessSense of awareness of self and of the environment. General
consensualGiving permission or agreement.General
consent formsDocuments describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research. General
consolidationThe state of the lung when alveoli are filled with fluid, as in pneumonia.Respiratory
constipationInfrequent or difficult evacuation of feces. Digestive
constitutionThe overall health of a person, both mental and physical.General
constrict/onarrowing, drawing togethergeneral
constrictionThe abnormal narrowing of a channel or opening.General
contagiousA transmissible or communicable disease or a person with such a disease.General
contra-against, oppositedirectional
contraceptionPrevention of impregnation.Reproductive
contractionA shortening or increase in tension. In labor, the rhythmic tightening of the uterus.Reproductive
contractureA condition that occurs when normally elastic tissues are replaced by inelastic fiber-like tissue. muscular
contraindicationA factor in a patient's condition that prohibits a specific treatment.General
control groupsGroups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. General
controlled substancesDrugs or chemical agents regulated by government. This may include narcotics and prescription medications. General
contus/oto bruisenervous
contusionInjury caused by a blow to the body but that does not break the skin. A bruise. Characterized by swelling, pain and discoloration.Integumentary
convalescenceThe period of recovery following an illness. General
convectionTransmission of energy in a liquid or gas involving circulation of particles.General
convexHaving a surface that curves outward.General
convulsionA violent spasm of voluntary muscles. A type of seizure.General
cool downGradually decreasing heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and body temperature after exercise.Muscular
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease respiratory
copingThe process of dealing with to problems in life in a way to work through them.General
copr-fecesGeneral
copulationSexual union. Reproductive
cor/opupileyes and ears
cornA hardened mass of epithelial cells usually found on the sole of the feet.General
corne/ocorneaeyes and ears
corneaThe transparent, convex, anterior part of eye. It is the main refractory structure of the eye.Eyes and Ears
corneal edemaAn excessive amount of fluid in the cornea due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium causing decreased visual acuity. Eyes and Ears
coron/oencircle, crowncardiovascular
coronary arterySupplies blood to the heart muscles from the aorta. Cardiovascular
coronary artery bypassSurgical procedure which uses a healthy blood vessel segment, such as a vein, to bypass a blocked section of a coronary artery.Cardiovascular
coronary artery diseaseReduced blood flow through the coronary arteries, resulting in chest pain and heart damage. Cardiovascular
coronary occlusionObstruction of blood flow through one of the coronary arteries. Cardiovascular
coronary thrombosisCoagulation of blood in the coronary arteries. Can lead to myocardial infarction.Cardiovascular
coronerA public official who investigates cases of unnatural death.General
corpor/obodygeneral
corpseA dead body. Cadaver.General
corpulenceObesity.Digestive
corpuscle1) A blood cell. 2) Any small mass.General
correlationA statistical relationship between variables.General
corrosionThe gradual destruction of a substance or tissue, particularly by a chemical action. General
cortexThe outer layer of an organ or other structure.General
cortic/ocortex, outer sectionendocrine
cortisolThe primary stress hormone.endocrine
cost/oribskeletal
costalPertaining to the ribs.Skeletal
costochondritisA benign inflammation of one or more of the costal cartilages. Usually caused by overuse of chest wall muscles.skeletal
coughA sudden, audible exhalation of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis. It serves to clear the airways or lungs of irritants or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials. Respiratory
coumadinMedication to treat blood clots and prevent new clots from forming. Commonly used for chronic atrial fibrillation.Cardiovascular
CPcerebral palsynervous
CPAPconstant positive airway pressure respiratory
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation respiratory
CPTCurrent Procedural Terminology
CRconditioned reflexnervous
crani/oskullskeletal
cranialaPertaining to the cranium.Skeletal
craniumThe skeleton of the head, holding the brain.Skeletal
crash cartA cart carrying emergency medical equipment and supplies. Found in hospitals, particularly in emergency and intensive care departments.General
-crasiamixture, loss of controlnervous
cravingAn intense desire to consume a substance.Digestive
creat-meat, fleshGeneral
cremationIncinerating a corpse. General
crepitationA crackling sound that occurs in joints.skeletal
CRESTcalcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, telangiectasiascleroderma)
cretinismA congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone.endocrine
crin/osecreteendocrine
-crineto secreteendocrine
crisisThe turning point of a disease.General
-critseparategeneral
critical careHealth care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis. General
Crohn diseaseChronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract thought to be caused by inherited and environmental factors and a defect in the immune system.digestive
croupPediatric respiratory infection causing swelling near the vocal cords. It is characterized by a barking cough or stridor.Respiratory
crur/oleggeneral
cry/overy coldgeneral
crypt/ohiddengeneral
CSDcat scratch diseaselymphatic
CSFcerebrospinal fluidnervous
CSHcombat support hospital
CTcomputed tomography
Cucopper general
cubit/oelbow, forearmskeletal
cubitalPertaining to the elbow or forearm.Skeletal
CUCchronic ulcerative colitisdigestive
culd/ocul-de-sacreproductive
cumulativeTo pile on. Increasing by successive additions.General
cune/owedge, wedge shapedgeneral
cupr/ocopperUrinary
curettageAn instrument shaped like a spoon, used for scraping material or tissue from a body cavity.General
current The flow of electricity or liquids.General
Cushing syndromeA condition when abnormally high levels of a hormone called cortisol are present.endocrine
-cusishearingeyes and ears
cuspidA tooth with one cusp. In particular, he third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw.Skeletal
cutane/oskinintegumentary
CVcardiovascular cardiovascular
CVAcerebrovascular accidentnervous
CVPcentral venous pressure cardiovascular
CVScardiovascular systemcardiovascular
CXRchest x-ray Respiratory
cyan/obluegeneral
cyanosisA bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to inadequate oxygen in the blood.Respiratory
cycl/orecurring, roundgeneral
-cyesispregnancyreproductive
cyst/ourinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluidurinary
cysticCharacterized by cysts.General
cystic fibrosisA genetic disease of the exocrine glands. Large amounts of thick mucus clog the lungs and obstruct the airways. Respiratory
cystitisInflammation of the urinary bladder. urinary
cystoceleA prolapse of the bladder into the vagina.urinary
cyt/ocellgeneral
-cytecellgeneral
cytokinesSubstances, such as interferon, interleukin, and growth factors, that are secreted by certain cells of the immune system that act as intercellular mediators.lymphatic
cytomegalovirusA virus that can be inactive within healthy people, but can cause severe pneumonia when immune systems are suppressed. Symptoms similar to mononucleosis.lymphatic
-cytosiscondition of cells, increase in number of cellsgeneral

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