Research studies have demonstrated that listening to a heart sound for 2-3 minutes can help students master auscultation.
For textual descriptions, waveforms and heart animations, please use our courses on this website.
S1: Systole: S2: Diastole: Features:Ask patient to say "Eeee" several times. Auscultate the chest walls. Over consolidated lung areas, the sound is heard as an "A" (aaay)