By auscultating the heart you gain an understanding of cardiac rate and rhythm, condition of the valves and possible anatomical abnormalities such as congenital defects.
Timing and Cadence
Our lessons often describe heart murmur timing within a cardiac cycle. Systolic murmurs occur between the first heart sound (S1) and the second heart sound (S2). Diastolic murmurs occur between S2 and S1. In addition, timing is used to describe when murmurs occur within systole or diastole. For example, early systolic, mid-systolic or late systolic. See our courses on Systolic and Diastolic Murmurs for more information including audio recordings, waveforms and animations.