Auscultation Training by Repetition

Fourth Heart Sound Gallop

waveform
Listen for 2-3 minutes
maneuver
Supine
torso
Bell

Listening Tips
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S1: Reduced intensity.
S2: Increased intensity.
Diastole: S4 present - a low pitched sound.

Lesson Text

The fourth heart sound occurs in late diastole just prior to the first heart sound.

The first heart sound is decreased in intensity and the second heart sound is increased in intensity.

The fourth heart sound is produced by an increase in stiffness of the left ventricle due to scar tissue formation. This may be a manifestation of coronary heart disease.

A fourth heart sound can also be caused by a greatly thickened left ventricular wall such as with essential hypertension or aortic stenosis. This is shown in the anatomy tab.

A fourth heart sound is never heard with atrial fibrillation because the contraction of the atria is ineffective in this condition.

The fourth heart sound is a low frequency sound best heard with the bell of the stethoscope pressed lightly on the skin of the chest.

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This website is only for medical professional education. Contact a healthcare provider for medical care. Copyright 2017 © MedEdu LLC. All Rights Reserved. | About | Privacy Policy | Email

This website is only for medical professional education. Contact a healthcare provider for medical care. Copyright 2017 © MedEdu LLC. All Rights Reserved. About | Privacy Policy | Email